Functional Orthodontics for Children and Adults         functionlal orthodontics straight teeth

Functional orthodontics is a term for preventive and early corrective treatment of crowding of teeth. In many cases there is insufficient space in the mouth for all the teeth to fit properly. There are two main procedures to make room in these cases. One is extraction: teeth are removed to create more space. The second is expansion: the palate or arch is made larger by using a palatal expander, or dental appliance.

We prefer to use a device to expand the palate and facilitate the body to guide the teeth and create the space necessary for ideal teeth and jaw alignment.

Early Intervention
Some children may benefit from early interceptive orthodontics to facilitate the growth patterns of the children’s jaws, making the long term corrections easier. By expanding the jaw, it can create an even facial profile and affect airway development in a beneficial manner.

For adult patients we utilize the state of the art three-dimensional technology developed by Align Technology, Inc, that has provided dentists with opportunities to treat malaligned dentition. Using advanced 3D computer imaging technology Invisalign depicts the complete treatment plan from the initial position of the teeth to the final desired position incrementally using a number of esthetic and removable aligners.

After a through oral evaluation, and certain types of dental x-rays and models, the dentist will determine the type of functional orthodontics that would best fit your needs.

Phase 1- Expanders and Orthodontic Appliances

A palatal expander, also known as a rapid palatal expander, rapid maxillary expansion appliance, palate expander or orthodontic expander, is used to widen the upper jaw so that the bottom and upper teeth will fit together better. It is most often followed by braces to straighten out all the teeth now that room has been created.

Twin Block is a type of orthodontic appliance used to posture forward the lower jaw. There are many other types of appliances. Treatment time varies, but is generally around 9 months.
Sometimes with expanders, the patient has to turn the expansion screw themselves to tighten up the expander. For expansion that is not managed by the patient on the and lower jaw, a bionator may be a more suitable alternative.

Phase 2- Straightening Teeth 

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After the dentist has determined that you are a good candidate for braces, the choice is which type- traditional brackets and wires or clear Invisalign.

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After you have invested the time and expense into beautifully aligned teeth, you will need to wear custom-made retainers, made usually of wires or clear plastic, to keep your teeth in place. Your dentist will determine your maintenance routine.

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